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Personal Loans

How They Really Work See If You Qualify


How do personal loans work?

If you’re wondering “How do personal loans work?” know that they are fairly simple and straightforward. When you apply and receive approval for the loan, you’ll receive the amount of money you requested to borrow in a lump sum.

You pay back that money in installments. The timeframe of those payments is determined by the specific terms of your loan.

The interest rate on your loan is determined by your credit score. The better your score, the more favorable your interest rate will be. A great rate will save you money when you repay the debt because you’ll be required to pay less on interest.

Be sure to look for fixed-rate loans to ensure the interest rate you receive won’t change as you pay off the balance. These details should be in the fine print and included in the terms of your loan. Read all the details and fully understand the loan before signing any paperwork.

If you have questions, don’t be afraid to ask the loan officer for more information on the specific loan you’re looking to apply for.

A few questions you should ask about your personal loan should include:

  • What is the interest rate?
  • What is the APR?
  • What is the origination fee?
  • What is the loan term?
  • Is the interest rate fixed?
  • Is anything else included in this loan?
  • Will I have to pay a fee for prepaying the balance on the loan?
  • What is the late fee for payments?

It’s important to gather all the information you need to feel comfortable about your decision, so don’t be afraid to ask as many questions as you’d like before signing on the dotted line.

When should you avoid a personal loan?

Before we explore when personal loans do make sense, let’s eliminate a couple scenarios.

Unnecessary spending

You should not use personal loans for things like discretionary purchases or splurges. Don’t borrow money to buy things you really want but don’t actually need.

Instead, create a savings plan and pay for your discretionary spending in cash. Anytime you can save up money for a purchase, do so instead of taking out a personal loan to fund the expense.

Rebuilding your credit

While balancing different types of lines of credit can help boost your score, there’s no need to take out a new loan if you still have old debt or balances you’re working to repay. It’s not worth the money you’ll spend in interest.

If you want to boost your credit score, make your current payments on time and in full consistently over time. Don’t open or close multiple credit card accounts at once either.

Big one-off purchases

Using a personal loan to fund a big spend may not be the right way to go. Avoid borrowing money to pay for things like weddings, vacations, or pricey purchases.

While these events and items can be expensive and take you a long time to save up for, it’s well worth it. Paying in cash means you only cover the actual purchase price and you’re not risking any of your financial security when you save up first.

When does a personal loan make sense?

A personal loan can provide borrowers with a lot of advantages. They usually come with lower interest rates than credit cards, which makes borrowing more affordable. However, personal loans do usually carry higher interest rates than secured loans, so always be sure to check the APR.

Ultimately, personal loans are personal because the funds can be used at your discretion.

You can also use a personal loan as a debt consolidation tool. If you have a lot of student loans that you struggle to manage — or even credit card debt on a high-interest card — check out your personal loan options. It may be worth consolidating your debts if it would save you money by providing a lower interest rate.

When you choose to get a personal loan, plan to use that borrowed money responsibly. Don’t borrow more than you can afford so you can avoid paying unnecessary interest. And create a repayment plan ahead of time so you know you can stick to it.


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